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Conflict Security & Development Research Group (CSDRG)

King's College London

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

The Conflict, Security and Development Research Group (CSDRG) is based within the Department of War Studies, the largest European university group of scholars focused on research relating to all aspects of war, peace, security and international relations past, present and future.

CSDRG undertakes a wide range of research, policy, advisory, teaching and training activities related to conflict, security and development, enabling it to serve as a true bridge between academic scholarship and real world decision-making in these fields.
We also teach a world-leading Conflict, Security and Development MA programme and publish the Conflict, Security and Development journal.

The CSDRG is led by Professor Mats Berdal of the Department of War Studies

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Thomas Abt

Harvard Kennedy School

United States
Research Interests:

Urban violence, criminal justice, evidence-informed policy

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Juan Albarracin Dierolf

Universidad Icesi

Colombia
Research Interests:

My research focuses on the political causes and consequences of criminal governance and criminal violence, in particular: the impact of transitional justice on the levels of violent crime in new democracies / transitional societies; the impact of criminal territorial and population control in marginalized urban neighborhoods over political processes, such as elections; the conditions that enable criminal groups and politicians to cooperate in order to shape electoral outcomes in urban peripheries; the determinants of police militarization in Brazil; and how public opinion shapes police violence.

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Abraham Aldama

New York University

United States
Research Interests:

Political economy, comparative politics, political psychology, legitimacy, social movements, coordination problems.

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Lucas Almeida

Northeastern University

United States
Research Interests:

My focus of research is how network structural properties affect the functioning of diferent dark networks, as well as how to estimate the "real" network from incomplete data. The ongoing project is a horizontal study of the data collected on terrorist networks , criminal factions and other "dark networks" to check for statistical markers of hierarchy.

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Enrique Desmond Arias

Baruch College, City University of New York

United States
Research Interests:

Urban governance and policing.

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Ryan Arias Delafosse

Armed Conflict and Location Event Dataset, University of Sheffield

Spain
Research Interests:

Yemen researcher for ACLED through the University of Sheffield, tracking events of political violence, mostly in urban areas of Yemen and Syria.

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Ibrahim Bangura

Peace and Conflict Studies, Fourah Bay College, University of Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone
Research Interests:

Youth and Violence in Africa

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Colin Barends

Safety Lab

South Africa
Research Interests:

gangs,violence,youth at risk

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Nicholas Barnes

Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University

United States
Research Interests:

Nicholas Barnes is currently a Postdoctoral Fellow at Brown University’s Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs. He received his PhD in political science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research interests, broadly, include organized crime, political violence, social movements, and urban development in Latin America. His current book project, based on three years of field research in Rio de Janeiro’s favelas, develops a theory of how and why drug-trafficking gangs have implemented varying governance regimes in these communities. His research has been funded by the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, the National Science Foundation, the Social Science Research Council’s Drugs, Security and Democracy in Latin America and the International Dissertation Research Fellowships as well as the Department of Education through the Fulbright-Hays Doctoral Dissertation Research Abroad.

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Sara Batmanglich

OECD

France
Research Interests:

(multi-dimensional) state fragility, tipping points to violence, the relationship between exclusion and violence, drivers and prevention of violent extremism, organised crime and fragile states, development interventions and their impact on violence (political, criminal, gang and extremist), conflict prevention, and the humanitarian-development-security nexus.

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Kim Beecheno

King's College London
Uppsala University

Sweden
Research Interests:

My research examines links between domestic violence and urban violence, and in particular I look at religious + secular narratives around gender-based violence occurring both in public and in private spaces

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Mats Berdal

Professor of Security and Development
Department of War Studies
King's College London

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

A principal research project at the moment is a major study of the UN and the end of the Cold War, covering the immediate post-Cold War period and focusing in particular on the UN's involvement in the mitigation, containment and resolution of civil wars. Recent writings have focused on UN and the use of force; conceptual and practical issues raised by efforts implement the “responsibility to protect”, and the political economy of armed conflict. Other research interests include violence in post-conflict societies, strategy and the changing character of war.

Over the past two years I have also taken a special interest in the conflict in Afghanistan, and NATO’s involvement there since 2003. In 2015-16, I served as a Member of the “Commission of Inquiry on Afghanistan” set up by the Norwegian Government to evaluate Norway’s civilian and military involvement in Afghanistan from 2001 to 2014.

Research activities in the pipeline include, in collaboration with my colleague Dr Kieran Mitton, a multidisciplinary project entitled “Approaches to Understanding Atrocity in War”. The project brings together leading experts in the study of violence – drawn from various academic disciplines and backgrounds - to conduct and publish original research on the problem of war-time atrocity.

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Edmund Breckin

University of Bradford

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

Organised crime in Mexico. I am currently completing my PhD research into how non traditional approaches can be utilized in tackling organised crime violence

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Roddy Brett

University of St. Andrews

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

Political violence, genocide, and armed conflict and its impact in urban and rural areas. Peace processes and post-conflict peacebuilding and their impact upon urban zones.

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Jessie Bullock

Harvard University

United States
Research Interests:

I research how criminal organizations cooperate with politicians during elections. My work focuses on criminal organizations in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

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Robert Bunker

Adjunct Research Professor, SSI, USAWC
& Instructor, SCI, USC

United States
Research Interests:

Violent Non-State Actors (VNSAs), Blurring of Crime/War, Counterterrorism and Counternarcotics, Future War & Conflict, AI & Robotics, Urban Conflict, Advanced and Unconventional Weaponry, Red Teaming, Futures, Early Warning, 5th Dimensional (Cyber) Battlespace, Advanced CONOPS

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Mariana Carvalho

PhD Student
University of California, San Diego

United States
Research Interests:

My research focuses on causes and consequences of political assassinations. I'm also interested in criminal governance and urban violence, including political consequences and motivations behind engaging in criminal activities.

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Charles Pen Khek Chear

Rutgers University, Urban Systems Program

United States
Research Interests:

My doctoral research examines Cambodian and Vietnamese refugees becoming beer store owners in high violence areas in Philadelphia, and city and state policies prohibiting security measures, such as bullet-resistant glass, exclusively in the beer stores.

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Christine Cheng

Department of War Studies
King's College London

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

Extralegal groups, Corruption and peacebuilding, Women in Politics.

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Peter Chonka

King's College London (Digital Humanities); Durham University (Global Security Institute)

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

My research currently has two different but relevant focuses. Firstly (with my media/culture studies hat on) I'm interested in the links between new media technologies and political violence in 'fragile state' contexts, namely Somalia. Secondly, as a post-doc researcher on a DFID/ESRC-funded 'Security on the move' project I'm part of a team researching the impact of forced displacement on urbanisation in different Somali cities and the security issues/violence faced by migrants.

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Tiffany Chu

University of Arizona

United States
Research Interests:

Refugees and forced migration, civil conflict processes, government repression

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James Cockayne

Centre for Policy Research at United Nations University

United States
Research Interests:

Organized crime; Criminal strategy; Political role of criminal groups; Private security; Mediation, DDR and desistance; Peace Operations; Peacebuilding; Human Trafficking; Development.

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Lucia Dammert

Universidad de Santiago de Chile

Chile
Research Interests:

Public Policy Specialist with vast experience in citizen security, State reform in Latin America, strategic planning, prospective analysis, policy advice and public and private communications.
Skilled in organizing highly efficient teams in different national contexts. Effective at engaging with people of different backgrounds and experiences.
Sociologist with a Masters in Public Policy and a PhD. in Political Science. Has written books and articles in both national and foreign magazines and has taught classes and conferences about subjects related to strategic security, public policy and criminal justice in multiple countries.

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Emirhan Darcan

GLOBAL PSE

Switzerland
Research Interests:

Violent Crime

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Jean Daudelin

The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University

Canada
Research Interests:

I work mainly on the governance of illegal markets, mainly drugs. I am interested in informal property rights and contracts, and informal dispute resolutions, as well as the entanglement of state regulation and private governance.

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Ursula Daxecker

University of Amsterdam

Netherlands
Research Interests:

Pirates, smugglers

Criminals in election violence

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Luis Felipe Dávila

Universidad Autónoma Latinoamericana

Colombia
Research Interests:

El interés principal del investigador son los procesos de violencia urbana y criminalidad en latinoamérica, en ese sentido, el objetivo es investigar y profundizar de manera interdisciplinaria y cualitativa, los temas relativos a la Seguridad y a la violencia. Realizar análisis críticos sobre las apuestas de seguridad emprendidas por el Estado nacional en sus diferentes niveles administrativos y territoriales, dentro de un macro-molde preeminentemente hermenéutico. Asimismo, pretende comprender los diversos fenómenos violentos: tipologías, dinámicas, causas, derivaciones, encadenamientos y afectaciones a los Derechos Humanos de los habitantes. En ese sentido, las preguntas que se formulan desde la línea, más que buscar generalizaciones, leyes, “verdades”, posturas neutrales; se enfocan más bien, en interpretar y comprender fenómenos ubicados espacio-temporalmente. Como diría Pierre Bourdieu: “no lamentar, no reír, no detestar, sino comprender”.

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Marco Di Nunzio

Department of African Studies and Anthropology, University of Birmingham

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

As a social anthropologist, I am concerned with understanding urban inequalities and forms of political domination as contingent historical outcomes. I argue that marginality is not an economic or social condition produced by invisible hands, operating through invisible structures. Rather, present forms of subjugation are historical and political products contingent on how rights, privileges, and inequalities are codified and enforced in society. As such, my anthropological and ethnographic work in cities both examines how marginality and inequalities persist and, at the same time, explore how people’s moral and existential quests for better lives can help question subjugation and imagine novel forms of progressive urban politics.

With these concerns in mind, I carried out fieldwork first in Addis Ababa, then in my hometown Naples and lastly in Washington DC, where a number of my informants from Addis Ababa now live. My research has explored youth, uncertainty and life trajectories; the street economy and crime; migration; elections and authoritarianism ; urban politics ; entrepreneurship and micro-finance ; the debate on neoliberalism and ‘development alternatives’ ; community policing and political surveillance ; labour and the construction business; professional ethics and architecture practice; urban value and the right to the city

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Jennifer Doleac

Texas A&M University

United States
Research Interests:

I study the economics of crime and discrimination, with a particular focus on the effects of technology on public safety. Past and current work addresses topics such as DNA databases, gun violence, prisoner reentry, and the unintended consequences of “ban the box” policies.

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Caroline Doyle

University of New South Wales

Australia
Research Interests:

My research focuses on the reduction of homicide rates in Medellin, Colombia. I am particularly interested in understanding the local dynamics of organized crime groups. My research also analyses the limitations of the most influential urban violence reduction and prevention approaches

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Tarila Marclint Ebiede

KU Leuven

Belgium
Research Interests:

Reintegration of Ex-Combatants, Political Violence and Armed Groups in Cities.

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Naveed Elahi

Center for Peace and Security Studies
University of the Punjab
Lahore

Pakistan
Research Interests:

Terrorism, Strategy, Security of MNCs in emerging markets

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Adam Ellis

University of Toronto-Centre for Criminology & Sociolegal Studies

Canada
Research Interests:

PhD (Candidate) Adam Ellis was named a 2016 Vanier Scholar in support of his upcoming doctoral project, “Reconceptualizing Urban Warfare in Canada: Exploring the Relationship between Trauma, PTSD and Gang Violence.” In 2018 Adam also became a top 25 SSHRC Storyteller with respect to his research on trauma, PTSD and gang violence. Adam’s doctoral work is inspired by his own lived experience within the gang sub-culture. Adam is not new to the field of criminology. With an MA in Immigration and Settlement from Ryerson University, he has worked on several research projects focusing on mental health and the law, including topics on gang violence, organized crime and refugee determination. He has provided consultancy on mental health and criminal justice-related issues with a variety of public and private institutions including the United Nations, At Home Chez Sois Project, the Provincial/Federal Courts, the Ontario Review Board, and community organizations interphasing between mental health and justice. Adam is currently developing his first edited text “Thug Criminology’ which will be published in 2019 through the University of Toronto Press. Adam is also currently developing a community program that seeks to disrupt inner-city gang violence through physical fitness, mentorship and trauma therapy.

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Cecilia Farfán-Méndez

Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies
University of California San Diego

United States
Research Interests:

I hold a Ph.D. in political science with a focus on international relations and organization theory. I am currently working on a book based on my dissertation, entitled "Beyond Cartels and Kingpins: The Business of Drug Trafficking Organizations". I examine criminal organizations in their own right rather than assuming they are unitary, homogenous actors that mostly traffic illicit drugs. I advance a mid-level theory that identifies subtypes of structures—hierarchies and wheel networks—and explains when and why DTOs pursue additional criminal enterprises, the methods used in money laundering and their different propensities for violence.

In the last two years I have also served as a researcher and member of the executive team for the project “Co-constructing Security Provision in Mexico: A Methodology and Action Plan from Communities to the State” that seeks to develop local security agendas with community, civil and state actors in four cities severely affected by organized crime in Mexico: Acapulco, Apatzingán, Guadalupe and Tijuana.

While at the Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies I also help coordinate the U.S-Security Cooperation Taskforce that has prepared a whitepaper for Mexico's incoming administration to help ensure that policymakers are informed and prepared to continue cooperation efforts in a difficult phase in the bilateral relationship, particularly amid emerging challenges related to epidemic levels of opium use, the rise of new organized crime groups and violent crimes targeting ordinary citizens in Mexico.

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Belachew FIkre
Ethiopia
Research Interests:

Industrial jobs creation
Unemployment-urban violence linkage
Politicization of Ethnicity and potential for conflict
Nationalism vs ethnicity

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Maiara Folly

Igarapé Institute

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

Violence induced displacement; organized crime; violence reduction strategies; conflict prevention and resolution.

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Viviana García

German Institute of Global and Area Studies GIGA-Hamburg and University of Marburg

Germany
Research Interests:

I am Doctoral candidate (Political Science) at the Phillips Universität Marburg and at the German Institute of Global and Area Studies GIGA-Hamburg. My dissertation consists of a comparative case study on the variation of violence and local governance in secondary cities of Colombia and El Salvador. My approach builds on the many insights proffered by the intersecting literature on urban theory, especially the critical perspective and the comparative gesture, and the spatial turn in Social Sciences. It also draws on the prolific literature on violence, criminal governance, and civil wars. Before starting my Ph. D., I worked as a researcher in both Chile and Colombia in projects related to borders and security, drug policies in Latin America, and Security Sector Reform in postwar contexts in Colombia and Central America.

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Omar Garcia-Ponce

University of California, Davis

United States
Research Interests:

I am an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of California, Davis. I am also a member of the Evidence in Governance and Politics (EGAP) network. Previously, I was a Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Center for Global Development (CGD). I received a Ph.D. in Political Science from New York University.

My research focuses broadly on the political economy of conflict and development, with an emphasis on topics related to both criminal and political violence. Two key questions motivate my research: How does violent conflict influence individual behavior and institutional development? And how do institutions and policies, in turn, affect patterns of violent conflict? My regional expertise is in Latin America, but I have a wide interest in the study of crime and violence.

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Yvan Guichaoua

University of Kent

Belgium
Research Interests:

I study militancy in the Sahel region of Africa, and the intersection between insurgency organised crime and governance

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Christoffer Guldberg

King's College London

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

My research focuses on the pacification program in Rio de Janeiro, and the conceptions and practices of citizenship from the top-down and bottom-up that it entails.
In addition I have worked as a practitioner in combating human trafficking and modern slavery as they take place both in and between urban and rural areas, in Africa and Europe.

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Jaideep Gupte

Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

Gupte’s research is on urban violence, poverty and development. His other research interests and expertise include urban inclusion, justice/security in informal settlements, and using GIS/GPS aided mobile data collection platforms for spatial research.

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Ivan Gusic

Lund University

Sweden
Research Interests:

I mainly do research on the war-peace nexus, postwar cities (e.g. Belfast, Jerusalem, Mostar, Mitrovica, Nicosia, etc.) as well as how different forms of urban violence connect (or not) to armed conflict.

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Francisco Gutierrez-Sanin

Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Colombia
Research Interests:

Conflict, violence, networks

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Christoph Harig

Helmut-Schmidt-Universität/University of the Federal Armed Forces Hamburg

Germany
Research Interests:

Civil-military relations; Militarisation; Policing

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Bradley Holland

Ohio State University

United States
Research Interests:

I study issues of violence, collective action, and race, primarily in urban areas in the United States.

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Jade Hutchinson

Macquarie University

Australia
Research Interests:

As an early career researcher my research interests constantly compete for attention. Although my work has focused on various conceptual and behavioural developments within the Australian right-wing extremist movement. I have recently come to look closely at right-wing extremist capacity for petty crimes and their contact with Australian constabulary forces. I am very interested in exploring the socio-cultural and operational side of Australian right-wing extremist groups, more so than their ideological underpinnings.

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Laura Iesue

PhD Student; University of Miami, Department of Sociology

United States
Research Interests:

Organized Crime, Violence, Insecurity and Migration in Central America; Violence and Conflict, IDP Reintegration in Colombia

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Philip Johnson

The Graduate Center, City University of New York

United States
Research Interests:

My research focuses on patterns of criminal interaction with the public sphere, such as coercion, terror, extortion, and legitimacy-building. My dissertation project examines narco-messages in Mexico. These are a primarily urban phenomenon; messages generally appear in areas where they are likely to receive substantial (formal and informal) media coverage. My methodological tendencies are towards qualitative and interpretive methods.

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Alexandra Jones

Regional Intelligence Unit of the National Police, The Hague

Netherlands
Research Interests:

public order disturbances/riots as a tool of organized crime and/or political activists; competitive control in modern cities; informal power brokers; foreign influence/interference in public order sphere; policing cities against swarming & insurgency tactics. Asymmetric conflicts in urban setting.

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Nathan Jones

Sam Houston State University

United States
Research Interests:

Mexico, organized crime, illicit networks, immigration, etc.

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Bernard James Kangtau

University of Jos Nigeria

Nigeria
Research Interests:

My research interests include local and international conflicts, ethnic militias, security, poverty, and identity issues. I am currently working on a PhD proposal titled ''Militias, Violence and Society in Post colonial Africa: A comparative study of Darfur, Sudan and North central Nigeria''. The currency or topicality of the research aligned to the interest and purpose of your topic.

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W.H. Kautt

US Army Command and General Staff College

King's College London

United States
Research Interests:

Irregular War, urban insurgency, political violence.

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Diana Kim

Georgetown University

United States
Research Interests:

Vice, Drugs and Crime, Symbolic Violence, State Formation, Bureaucracy, Colonialism, Colonial Legacies

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Charles Knight

Charles Sturt University

Australia
Research Interests:

I lecture and research in asymmetric and political violence. My PhD research examined the effects of State repression on popular support for insurgents and my Masters research explored vulnerabilities associated with martyrdom assault operations in urban areas. My research focus is on capability for operations in populated places, but I continue to examine insurgency and its countering, especially the Dhofar campaign and the PAVN in Kampuchea.

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Jana Krause

University of Amsterdam

Netherlands
Research Interests:

Civilian Agency and Civilian Protection in Communal Conflicts and Civil War; Peacebuilding; Gender and Security

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Guy Lamb

Safety and Violence Initiative, University of Cape Town

South Africa
Research Interests:

Violence prevention; urban safety; policing; harms reduction; peacebuilding; arms control; disarmament

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Loren Landau

African Centre for migration & society, wits university

South Africa
Research Interests:

Having work for years exploring urban violence across Africa. Am particularly concerned with the creation and regulation of the other through violent policing and vigilantism.

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Bernardino Leon

University College London

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

I hold a BA in Sociology and Philosophy from the Sorbonne, in which I specialised in urban sociology and theory of social movements. Subsequently, I completed an MSc in International Relations Theory from the LSE, where I mainly worked on critical approaches to conflict and security studies. I am currently studying my second master’s degree, in “Politics, Violence and Crime” in the Anthropology Department at UCL, where I aim to concentrate in ethnographic approaches to the securitisation of homelessness.

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Sandra Ley

Assistant Professor
Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE)

Mexico
Research Interests:

My research analyzes the impact of criminal violence on the exercise of democratic citizenship in Latin America, with central emphasis on Mexico.

My work examines how variations in the level of criminal violence condition the activation of civil society networks, citizen participation, and electoral accountability.

My research on the political consequences of criminal violence has pushed me to also better understand the logic and political causes of criminal activity.

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Uriel Lomelí-Carrillo

The University of Texas at San Antonio

Mexico
Research Interests:

My current research is on Demography and Violence: analysis of mortality and life expectancy in contexts of violence; small area estimation of homicides related to Transnational Drug Trafficking Organizations; the effects and mechanisms of structural violence on population health; demographic processes since The Mexican War on Drugs began - homicides, crimes and internal forced displacement-.

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Manuel Meléndez-Sánchez

Harvard University

United States
Research Interests:

I study the politics of criminal organizations in Latin America, with a focus on Mexico and Central America. My main research project examines what I call "criminal electioneering": violent (and non-violent) attempts by criminal organizations to influence the outcome of democratic elections. Other research projects focus on crime and policing.

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Andrew Miller

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Political Science, Security Studies Program

United States
Research Interests:

My research agenda focuses on the competition between states and criminal organizations to control communities. In particular, I look at citizen-police cooperation in gang-contested communities, exploring how citizens make decisions about sharing information with the police. I have conducted fieldwork primarily in Lagos, Nigeria and Baltimore, Maryland.

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Kieran Mitton

Senior Lecturer in International Relations
Department of War Studies
King's College London

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

I am currently developing a multi-country research project examining urban violence and youth in ‘non-war’ contexts, covering Brazil, Sierra Leone, South Africa and the UK. I give particular focus to evaluating the effectiveness of public health responses to urban violence, contrasting these with securitised responses.

My past research has examined the causes and shaping dynamics of extreme violence during conflict, with a particular focus upon the role of emotions and psychology at both individual and group level. I have also published on the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) of combatants; post-conflict reconciliation processes; and transnational organised crime in West Africa.

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Surer Mohamed

University of Cambridge, Department of Politics and International Studies

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

Considering the politics of conflict-related property disputes in Mogadishu, Somalia. Interested in the spatial legacies of violence, contested memory, post-conflict urban reconstruction, and the politics of justice after war.

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Eduardo Moncada

Barnard College, Columbia University

United States
Research Interests:

I study urban criminal violence within cities in Latin America, but with a growing interest in South and East Africa. My current work focuses on forms of collective resistance to criminal victimization under protection rackets run by organized crime.

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Miguel Monteverde

Universidad Iberoamericana

Mexico
Research Interests:

Ethnographies of crime and insecurities. My dissertation project is an ethnographic study about the impact of urban violence in Ecatepec, which is, according to many sources, one of the most violent cities in México.

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Christina Moorhouse

The British Academy

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

Violence/Urban Violence

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Matthew Moran

King’s College London

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

The nature and causes of riots

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Robert Muggah

Director of Research
Igarapé Institute

Brazil
Research Interests:

Smart cities, urban security, migration and new technologies.

Robert Muggah co-founded the Igarapé Institute – a think and do tank working on data-driven safety and justice across Latin America and Africa, where he is currently the director of research. He also co-founded the SecDev Foundation and Group – organizations devoted to cyber security and the digital economy, especially in the Middle East and Eurasia, and South Asia regions. He consults with governments, the UN, World Bank and firms ranging from Google to McKinsey. He is known for designing award-winning interactive data visualizations that track the global arms trade, homicidal violence, fragile cities, and climate change. He has also developed open source body cameras for police accountability and predictive crime dashboards.

In addition to his work at Singularity University, Robert is also associated with the University of Oxford, the University of San Diego, the Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro and the Graduate Institute Switzerland. He is the co-founder and executive editor of Stability and is on the editorial boards of several prominent journals. Dr. Muggah serves as a senior adviser to the Inter-American Development Bank, UN agencies, and the World Bank. He routinely advises national and city governments, international organizations and civil society groups on security and development. Between 2012 and 2013 he was an adviser to the High Level Panel on the post-2015 development agenda and in 2016 he was nominated by the UN Secretary General to serve on an expert panel for Youth, Peace and Security.

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Marion Mugisha

DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY AND SOCIAL ADMINISTRATION, KYAMBOGO UNIVERSITY

Uganda
Research Interests:

My main research interests are:
1. Urban transport, focusing on informal transport like motorcycle taxis, and tuk tuk.
2. Urban violence and crime (as a core characteristic of informality e.g. among motorcycle and other taxi operators, slum life/dwellers).
3. Urban politics (and its violences)
4. Urban informality (livelihoods, markets, consumption)
5. Urban space (practices of use of space; ).
6. Sociology of risk and disasters
7. Decentralized governance

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Maya Mynster Christensen

Danish Institute Against Torture (DIGNITY)

Denmark
Research Interests:

I am specialised in political anthropology with a focus on security, policing and urban governance.

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Enzo Nussio

Center for Security Studies, ETH Zurich

Switzerland
Research Interests:

Interested in understanding how violence is reduced. Topics: Reintegration of ex-combatants, urban violence reduction, consequences of terrorism and statebuilding. Focus on Latin America and particularly Colombia

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Conor O'Reilly

University of Leeds

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

My current research interests focus upon the transnational dynamics of crime, policing and security. I am particularly interested in intersecting trends towards commodification of security and transnationalisation of policing. At present I have particular research interests in: kidnapping and violent absence; transnational policing; pluralization of high policing; branding security; colonial policing; and, policing across the Lusophone community.

From 2016-2019, I will be PI of the Newton Fund (Mexico) project, ‘Mobile Solutions to the Mexican Kidnapping Epidemic: Beyond Elite Counter-Measures, Towards Citizen-Led Innovation.’ This project aims to contribute towards more sustainable security in the face of Mexico’s pervasive kidnapping threat. It also contains a specific work package on the transborder dynamics of kidnapping and how these cases of violent absence affected transborder metropolitan hubs such as El Paso/Juarez and San Diego/Tijuana. Previously, I was part of an international and interdisciplinary team researching ‘Policing and Urban Imaginaries: New Security Formats in Southern Cities’ (FAPESP/FCT) and have also conducted research into the circulation of security solutions to urban violence (notably the pacification model developed in Rio de Janeiro).

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Zulia Orozco Reynoso
Mexico
Research Interests:

My research interests focus on citizen security, police reform, transnational organized crime, and criminal justice system, all of them with gender, youth, and human rights approach. Nevertheless, using top - bottom and bottom - up methodologies in issues related to anti-money laundering are my main interest above all. I hold a PhD in Urban Studies, an LLM and a BSc in Sociology all of them summa cum laude. I was distinguished as a Fulbright and Lincoln Institute scholar due to my doctoral dissertation that studies criminal economy in Tijuana, México.

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Javier Osorio

School of Government and Public Policy, University of Arizona

Research Interests:

I study political and criminal violence in Latin America, particularly in Mexico, Colombia, and Central America. I primarily use computer-generated event data and experiments.

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Oscar Palma

Universidad del Rosario

Colombia
Research Interests:

Terrorism, insurgency, transnational organized crime, weapons of mass destruction, radicalism, counterinsurgency, internal conflicts.

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Maria Karla Abigail Pangilinan

Independent Researcher

Philippines
Research Interests:

For the past year, along with colleagues, theatre writer, Mixkaela Villalon and conflict
specialist, Ica Fernandez, I have been doing research on the effect of the Philippine
war on drugs on various aspects of social life, particularly on the part of the poor.
With the objective of reaching a wider audience, we released the first output of the
study as a journalistic piece published in partnership with the Philippine Centre for
Investigative Journalism, with Dean Sheila Coronel of the Columbia School of Investigative Journalism serving as one of our mentors.

The research work to look into the different facets of the Philippine drug war is an on-
going project. In partnership with different groups, mostly non-government organizations and church-based groups, for data collection, this research paved way
for us to personally interact with victims of the extrajudicial killing and it showed how
the Duterte administration is using punitive approaches to address the alleged
problem of drug use. These interactions further highlighted the need to have policies
that would look at drug use as a health condition and not as a crime. Joining this
workshop would enable me to gain a deeper understanding on the intersections
between drug policy, human rights and development. Further, the learnings will serve
as input to the continuous effort to collect empirical evidence on the effects of
punitive drug policies on the people, particularly the marginalized.

Approved
Sejal Patel

CEPT University

India
Research Interests:

Urban development induced displacement and impoverishment, informal settlements and affordable housing policies and programs, participatory governance

Approved
Janina Pawelz

Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy

Germany
Research Interests:

Janina Pawelz conducts research on political, collective and urban violence, social peace and radicalisation with a special focus on youth, youth violence and non-violent conflict transformation.Currently she works on radicalization in the Salafist and extreme right spectrum. Her main focus is on researching these phenomena in social media. Further research interests in the field of peace and security are dynamics of violence, gangs and transformation processes of violent groups as well as forms of legitimacy and control of armed actors and their claim to power and exercise of power from a comparative perspective. For her doctoral thesis on the transformation of violent groups, she spent six months conducting field research in Southeast Asia and the Caribbean where she interviewed members of violent groups. She is interested in empirical methods, field research, development cooperation and monitoring&evaluation.

Approved
Grainne Perkins

University of Cape Town
Seattle University

United States
Research Interests:

Focus on policing urban areas in South Africa, namely Townships. Comparative criminology between urban areas in Ireland and South Africa

Approved
Alexandra Phelan

Monash GPS, Monash University

Australia
Research Interests:

I am a Postdoctoral Fellow at Monash University's Gender, Peace and Security Centre. My research focuses on insurgent governance and legitimation activities, political violence and organise crime, and insurgent women. My PhD dissertation examined why the Colombian government alternated between counterinsurgency and negotiation with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). Based on an extensive examination of negotiation documents and primary FARC material, fieldwork and interviews with former and active FARC, ELN, M-19 and AUC members, I critically examined the role that insurgent legitimation activities had on influencing Colombian government response between 1982-2016. I am also currently working on the Colombian case study for the ARC Linkage Project, hosted by Monash GPS, “Towards Inclusive Peace: Mapping Gender Provisions in Peace Agreements”, which seeks to understand the role that gender provisions in peace agreements play in shaping women's participation in conflict affected sites. I focus on the gender provisions in the 2016 Peace Agreement with the FARC, their ongoing implementation, and their impact on women's participation. I currently serve on the editorial board for the journal, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism.

Approved
Brian Phillips

CIDE

Mexico
Research Interests:

Militant organizations, criminal violence, vigilantism

Approved
Luciano Pollichieni

PhD student, University of Nottingham, Center for Conflict, Security and Terrorism affiliated.

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

My main field of research is the Crime Terror Nexus one. During my past work experiences I have conducted on field researches in the Neapolitan neighbour of Scampia analysing the role of the local activists in opposing to the camorra. I have also conducted some researches on the radicalisation processes in suburban contexts. I'm currently conducting researches about the impact of privatisation of policing in UK and on the influence exercised by Mafias' money laundering activities in the urban architecture.

Approved
Nicholas Pope

SOAS, University of London
University of Melbourne

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

Research on militias and paramilitary groups in Rio de Janeiro through a geographically informed lens of political settlements

Approved
Ludmila Quirós

Universidad Nacional de La Plata

Italy
Research Interests:

Researcher at Center on Transnational Organized Crime (CECOT-Universidad Nacional de La Plata), Member of the Migration and Citizenship Committee (IPSA). Research interest: Smuggling, Trafficking, Criminalization of Migrants, Drug cartel. Area of interest: Latin America.

Approved
Alex Reid

Royal United Services Institute

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

Alexandria Reid is a Research Analyst in the National Security and Resilience team at RUSI. Her current research covers a range of topics related to serious and organised crime, including environmental crime and illicit trade. Alexandria holds an MA (Distinction) in Conflict, Security and Development from King’s College London, where her thesis explored the utility of force in peacekeeping operations. Prior to joining RUSI, she was a Programme Officer for the Centre for Grand Strategy at King’s and an MoD-funded Research Administrator at the King’s Centre for Military Health Research. She holds a BA in War Studies from King’s College London, where she was awarded the Sir Michael Howard Award for Excellence 2013-2016. She has conducted fieldwork on topics related to organised crime in both Europe and Southern Africa.

Approved
Matthew Richmond

London School of Economics
Centro de Estudos da Metrópole

Brazil
Research Interests:

Favelas, peripheries and informality in Latin American cities. My work looks at the social, spatial and institutional development of these spaces and how they are governed. Particular areas of focus are subjectivity formation, housing and the production of security via relations between the state and non-state armed groups.

Approved
Malte Riemann

Department of Defence and International Affairs / Royal Military Academy Sandhurst

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

Interests: Urban Violence, Public Health Approaches to Violence Prevention

My research focuses on public health approaches to violence prevention. Specifically, I am concerned with the relationship between conflict and public health and the effects and identities that the medicalization of violence produces.

Approved
Dennis Rodgers

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva

Switzerland
Research Interests:

Gangs, urban violence, the political economy of urban planning, life histories, drug dealing, crime prevention policies, politics of space

Approved
Henrik Ronsbo

DIGNITY: Danish Institute Against Violence

Denmark
Research Interests:

Everyday securitization in urban areas, inter-sectoral urban violence prevention, community protection, urban violence ecologies and human rights violations, extra-custodial use of force, torture and corruption, victimization, urban refugees, urban violence and mental health,

Approved
Ilyas Saliba

WZB Berlin Social Science Center

Germany
Research Interests:

Protests and repression

Approved
Antonio Sampaio

The International Institute for Strategic Studies

United Kingdom
Research Interests:

Antônio researches violence, particularly related to organised crime, in peripheral areas of large urban centres. He has conducted field research and published articles on Rio de Janeiro and Bogotá. He has a particular interest in dynamics of territorial control by non-state armed groups and public policies to counter it. Antônio has also conducted work on the impact of armed conflict in urban areas of fragile countries. He is also a member of the expert network of the Global Initiative on Transnational Organised Crime (GITOC).

Approved
Carolina Sampó

Conicet - Instituto de Relaciones Internacionales, Universidad Nacional de La Plata

Argentina
Research Interests:

The advance of crime and the use of state violence in Argentina and Brazil (2005-2017) is my main work line
I work on criminal organizations and their impact in urban violence, specially on Brazil and Argentina.
I also work on Organized Crime base in Latin America, and its relation with African and European partners
I have worked on Maras for a long time but now I am more dedicated to the dinamics of organized crime and it´s impact in citizen security

Approved
Andrea Sanchez Mercado

Duke University - Sanford School of Public Policy

United States
Research Interests:

Prior to beginning my graduate studies I researched best practices on combatting organized crime (specifically trafficking in persons, hydrocarbon theft, and money laundering) and human rights abuses (enforced disappearances and torture) for the Mexican federal government.

During my graduate studies I have focused on the Mexican War on Drugs and researched the use of military resources to fight cartels (comparing the Mexican, Brazilian, and U.S. cases of use of the military for domestic law enforcement), illicit economies in Latin America, the rise of vigilante groups in Southern Mexico, and corruption and its links to satisfaction with institutions and crimes such as the murder of journalists. I am currently writing my master's final project on the lessons learned from past peace accords or negotiations between governments and armed groups that could be applicable in the Mexican context.

Approved
James Schmitt

Technische Universität Berlin

Germany
Research Interests:

Urban post-conflict recovery and transition.

Approved
Deen Sharp

MIT

United States
Research Interests:

Urban warfare, urbicide, urbanization,

Approved
Mark Shaw

Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime

Switzerland
Research Interests:

Public safety and urban violence; security sector and criminal justice reform; transnational organised crime

Mark is the Director of the Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime , an Adjunct Professor at the University of Cape Town, and Senior Associate of the LSE International Drug Policy Unit, (LSE US Centre).

He was previously the National Research Foundation Professor of Justice and Security at the University of Cape Town, Department of Criminology. Prior to joining UCT, Mark was a Director at a boutique consulting firm specialising in fragile states and transnational threats. Mark lead projects and provided technical assistance to national governments, bilateral donors and international organisations in Libya, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia, West Africa, the Sahel and Southern Africa, on security sector and criminal justice reform, and countering transnational threats.

Mark worked for ten years at the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), including as Inter-regional Advisor, Chief of the Criminal Justice Reform Unit and with the Global Programme against Transnational Organised Crime, with extensive field work. A South African national, before joining the UN, Mark held a number of positions in government and civil society where he worked on issues of public safety and urban violence in the post-apartheid transition. He holds a PhD from the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg and has published widely on organised crime, security and justice reform issues.

Approved
Karla Silva Rivera

freelance

Mexico
Research Interests:

I'm into studying the use of extreme violence as a means by organized crimen; I've been analyzing for some time now the terrorist tactics used by Mexican cartels, that most of the times happen in the middle of a crowded city, creating a much more psychological and sociological effects on the means.

Approved
David Skarbek

Brown University

United States
Research Interests:

Political Economy, Governance, Crime, Prison, Gangs

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