Sandra Ley

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Assistant Professor
Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE)

Research Profile

My research analyzes the impact of criminal violence on the exercise of democratic citizenship in Latin America, with central emphasis on Mexico.

My work examines how variations in the level of criminal violence condition the activation of civil society networks, citizen participation, and electoral accountability.

My research on the political consequences of criminal violence has pushed me to also better understand the logic and political causes of criminal activity.

Latin America, Mexico
English, Spanish

Ley, Sandra. 2018. “To Vote or Not to Vote: How Criminal Violence Shapes Electoral Participation.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 62(9): 1963-1990.

Trejo, Guillermo and Sandra Ley. 2018. “Why Did Drug Cartels Go to War in Mexico? Subnational Party Alternation, the Breakdown of Criminal Protection, and the Onset of Large-Scale Violence.” Comparative Political Studies 51(7): 900-937.

Cantú, Francisco and Sandra Ley. 2017. “Poll Worker Recruitment: Evidence from the Mexican Case.” Election Law Journal 16(4): 495-510.

Meseguer, Covadonga, Sandra Ley, and J.Eduardo Ibarra-Olivo. 2017. “Sending money home in times of crime: The case of Mexico.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 43(13): 2169-2192.

Ley, Sandra. 2017. “Security and Crime Issue Voting: Electoral Accountability in the Midst of Violence.” Latin American Politics and Society 59(1): 3-27.

Trejo, Guillermo and Sandra Ley. 2016. “Federalism, Drugs, and Violence. Why Inter-Governmental Conflict Stimulated Inter-Cartel Violence in Mexico.” Política y Gobierno 23(1): 9-52. Special bilingual volume on Democracy, Conflict, and Violence in Latin America.