Lynette Ong

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University of Toronto

Research Profile

My research looks at state power, violence and state-society conflicts. In particular, state's outsourcing of violence through "thugs-for-hire" to implement policy and repress.

Asia, China
Malay, Chinese

Those related to the theme of urban violence and conflicts"

“‘Land Grabbing’ in an Autocracy and a Multi-Party Democracy: China and India Compared”, Journal of Contemporary Asia, 2019.
(with Donglin Han) “What Drives People to Protest in an Authoritarian Country? Resources and Rewards vs. Risks of Protests in Urban and Rural China”, Political Studies, 67(1), 2019.
“Engaging Huangniu (Brokers): Commodification of State-Society Bargaining in China”, Journal of Contemporary China, 28 (166), 2019.
“‘Thugs-for-Hire’: Subcontracting of State Coercion and State Capacity in China”, Perspectives on Politics, 16 (3), 2018.
“Thugs and Outsourcing of State Repression in China”, China Journal, July 2018.